Shanghai Ranking Expanded 2015 ed. (English)

Versión española 

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has become the most influential ranking worldwide. But not all universities are included. The following Shanghai Ranking Expanded replicates the methodology of the ARWU (2014 edition) producing an expanded version of the Latin American catalogue.

In the face of a proliferation of other university ranking systems, the Shanghai Jiao Tong Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) or Shanghai Ranking has become the most consulted voice. The paper published by Docampo (2013) made known the operations used to determine the Shanghai Ranking. By using these same operations, we are able to rank universities not officially included in the ARWU 500.

Regardless of the methodological weaknesses of the Shanghai Ranking, we believe that it is worthwhile to apply the system’s operations to universities that did not figure in the original ranking.

In 2015 we have continued with the analysis of 400 universities in Spain and Portugal and more than 20 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. We have reported the scores of the top 200 universities, and, in the style of the ARWU, we have also included alphabetically ordered groups of 50 for the remaining universities up to the 400th position.

This year we have analyzed a total of 2800 universities over the world. This means that our rankings give a more relevant picture of global academic standings. 


In the 2015 edition, the ARWU still computes the HiCi indicator by aggregating two sub-indicators, which also affects the computation of the PCP indicator. Hence, formula 6(Docampo 2013, page 18) should be replaced by the following:

Also for formula 5, the denominator should now be 0.85 for the present ARWU edition.

The new 2015 edition of the 500 top international universities now includes the University of Seville.

The University of Lisbon has again been left out of the top 200 universities. In the present edition it is positioned on the 201 place with the same score than the University of Delft. Pompeu Fabra University is now ranked between the top 200-300 universities and has climbed two positions with regard to Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American universities at the expense of the University of Valencia and Complutense. These two universities have exchanged places: while the latter is now included within the top 200-300 range, the former is now positioned between the 300-400 places. Finally, Oviedo nearly made it into the top 500 universities.

Docampo, D. “Rankings internacionales y calidad institucional. Revista de Educación, 2008, Número Extraordinario, pp. 149-176.

 Docampo, D., “On using the Shanghai ranking to assess the research performance of university systems“. Scientometrics, 2011, 86(1): 77-92.

 Docampo, D., “Adjusted sum of institutional scores as an indicator of the presence of university systems in the ARWU ranking“. Scientometrics, 2012, 90(2):701-713.

 Docampo, D., Torres-Salinas, D., “La nueva lista de investigadores altamente citados de Thomson Reuters y el ranking de Shanghai: situación de España y mapa universitario“. El profesional de la información, 2013, 22(3): 264-271.

 Docampo, D., “Reproducibility of the Shanghai academic ranking of world universities results“. Scientometrics, 2013, 94(2) 567-587.

 Docampo, D., Cram L., “On the internal dynamics of the Shanghai ranking“.  Scientometrics, 2014, , 98(2):1347-1366.

 Docampo, D., Cram, L., “Highly Cited Researchers and the Shanghai ranking”.  Working paper 2014,  Disponible en:

Docampo, D., Egret, D., Cram L., “On the Effects of Institutional Size in University Classifications: the case of the Shanghai Ranking“.  Scientometrics, 2015, 102(2):1325-1346.

 Docampo, D., “University Research: The Challenge of Quality”.  In: Teodoro Luque (ed.). Horizon 2031: The University of Granada in light of its fifth centenary. Reflections on the Future of the University, pp. 235-241.

 Docampo,  D.,  Egret,  D.,  Cram  L., “The  effect  of  university  mergers  on  the  Shanghai ranking“.  Scientometrics, 2015, 104(1):175-191.


Domingo Docampo is a professor at the University of Vigo, in which he was rector between the years of 1998 y 2006. He graduated from the University of Valladolid with a degree in Mathematics in 1976, and obtained a PhD in Mathematics in the University of Santiago de Compostela in 1984. He has authored more than 100 papers on Signal and Communications Theory. In the last few years he has turned his research interests into the international analysis and benchmark of universities.